Remove all personal items (stuffed animals, blankets, electronics, etc.) and anything that does not remain in the room permanently. Caution: Remember that objects in the infested area may transfer bed bugs to other areas. It is best to pack them in plastic with Nuvan Strips.
Wash Infested Clothing and Linens
Infested clothing and bed linen cannot be treated with an insecticide. They must be washed in hot water (minimum 120 degrees Fahrenheit). If washing is not available, heating clothes or bed linen for several minutes in the dryer may be appropriate.
Dismantle Bed Frames
The dismantling of bed frames in infested areas generally exposes bed bug hiding places. Having access to these areas during cleaning is important. Raise the box spring, pass a flashlight through the gauze cloth and look for bed bugs. If tissue is torn (hiding possible), remove tissue to prepare for spraying. If the mattress and / or box spring are infested, you can consider SafeRest Premium Zippered Mattress Encasement. Once covered with these encasements, bed bugs cannot enter or exit. It is not necessary to treat the mattress or box spring when using these encasements. Keep them for a year.
Remove Dresser Drawers
Remove drawers from desks and dressers because bed bugs like to hide in these areas. Flip the furniture around to inspect and clean all the hiding places. All furniture should be away from the walls.
Clean the Area
Scrub the infested surfaces with a stiff brush to dislodge the eggs. Vacuum thoroughly in the room. Use a vacuum hose to carefully remove cracks and crevices from furniture and wall baseboards. Vacuum along baseboards, furniture, foot boards, sleepers, headboards, bed seams, tufts, buttons, bedding edges, and carpet edges (especially along the tack strips). A good vacuum cleaning job can remove particles from cracks and crevices to promote greater insecticide penetration. Bed bugs stick closely to surfaces. Vacuuming is best done by scraping the tip of the vacuum attachment over the infested areas to remove bed bugs. Warning: It is not good to use a bristle attachment as you could transfer bed bugs to other areas because they cling to the brush. Discard vacuum cleaner bags after finishing in an outdoor trash bin.
Caulk and Seal
Caulk and seal all holes where pipes and wires enter walls and floors, and fill cracks around skirting boards and moldings to further reduce accommodation areas.
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Appearance of Bed Bugs
The bedbug can be seen with the naked eye. As bed bugs are hard to see, use a magnifying glass.
Adult bedbugs are brown to reddish brown, oval, flattened and about 1/4 to 5/8 inches long. Their flat shape allows them to hide easily in most cracks and crevices.
The bed bug eggs are not placed on the body of the host (the person sleeping in the bed), but are on surfaces near where the host sleeps.
Bed Bug Inspection Tips
- Look for any place that offers darkness, isolation and protection of the bedbug.
- Inspect adjacent rooms where there is an infestation. Even when bed bugs themselves cannot be found, their hiding places can be located by looking for fecal stains that they often leave behind.
- Use an aerosol insecticide such as CB-80 or PT 565 to remove bed bugs from suspected hiding places. These aerosols kill on contact, but the idea is to rinse them for inspection.
Check The mattress and Box Spring
Carefully check the mattress, paying particular attention to seams and tufts at the edges. Turn over the mattress and carefully examine the bottom. Pay special attention to any tears in the fabric. Look at the fabric at the bottom of the bed base and turn on a flashlight to check that the bed bugs have not penetrated the bedstead.
Remove The Mattress and Box Spring From The Bed Frame
Remove the mattress and box spring from the bed frame and shine a flash lamp throughout each potential hiding place on the bed frame. Remember that bed bugs can slip into a crack in which a business card can enter.
Remove All Drawers and Cushions From The Surrounding Furniture
Check thoroughly all other furniture: desks, chairs, dressers, etc. Remove all drawers and cushions from the surrounding furniture. Check all seams and crevices with a flashlight. Take your time and inspect carefully. Bedbugs are usually found in these areas in an infested room.
Inspect The Surrounding Walls and Carpets
Inspect the surrounding walls by removing the electrical switch plates and all draperies. Check if possible under the pliers and under skirting boards. Shine the light in the cracks in the plaster and seams along the wallpaper.
Check Electronics and Other Applications
Unfortunately, electronic devices and appliances are an ideal hiding place for bed bugs. Check them closely and thoroughly with a flashlight and a magnifying glass. Remove them if possible. Placing the smaller ones in a bag with Nuvan strips is an effective way to save the device.
Additional Bed Bug Inspection Advice
Stains of fecal and blood (rust-like) are left on sheets and pillowcases when the engorged bedbugs are crushed. These indicators serve as sure signs of infestation. Bedbugs prefer to hide in cracks and crevices during the day and go out to feed on the host’s blood at night, usually while sleeping.
Because bed bugs can flatten their bodies, they lodge in very small crevices, especially around the bed. They are found in usual hiding places, preferably near a blood meal. Even if they prefer to be close, they can walk several feet to have a meal of blood.
Initial infestations tend to be around beds, but bed bugs eventually disperse into a room, occupying a crevasse or a protected area. They can also extend to adjacent rooms or apartments.
Should I Throw Out The Mattress?
The condition of the mattress and the size of the infestation answer this question. If there are holes or tears in the gauze fabric or mattress fabric, bed bugs and eggs may be inside and outside. There are restrictions on how beds can be treated with insecticides. We offer both mattress pads and ActiveGuard mattress liners.
Mattress Safe Encasements: Mattress Safe Products are bed encasements to place over your mattress or box spring so you don’t have to throw them out. They are bedbug-certified. If you use a labeled insecticide on the box spring or mattress, you should apply on box springs or mattress, then zip it up. It has a patented hook to keep the bed bugs inside the encasement so they cannot escape. Due to bed bug life cycles, you should keep the encasement in place for one year.
You need superior bed bug mattress covers, box spring covers and mattress covers for complete protection against Bed Bugs.
Active Guard Liners: Active Guard Mattress Liners should be placed on beds, as they are effective as both preventative and active bed bug treatments. They are able to kill bed bugs and dust mites within 72 hours, and will prevent bed bugs from infesting mattresses. Active Guard Liners act like a fitted sheet; it comes in single, full, queen, and king sizes.
Active Guard is not a stand alone solution. Although it is a big help in killing and preventing infestations, we consider this product as an accessory.
How To Treat The Mattress With Insecticides
Check thoroughly at the folds and seams of the mattress, the headboard, foot board (if present), box spring/support platform, frame, etc for bedbugs and treat these area after vacumming.
The following residual insecticides and dusts are recommended to spray and dust mattresses:
- Cimexa Dust
- Bedlam Aerosols
- CrossFire Bed Bug
- CrossFire Aerosols
- Temprid FX Insecticide
- Steri-Fab Bed Bug Spray
Although ‘dusts’ last longer than ‘aerosols’, the crack and crevice tips on the Phantom and Bedlam areosols will enable you to get into the smallest cracks. It is recommended to use a combination of sprays and dusts.
Temprid SC may be used on the tufts and seams of mattresses. Temprid SC can be used as a residual insecticide sprayed in other areas that need to be treated such as night stands, chests, dressers, couches and chairs.
How To Treat Baseboards and Furniture (Night Stand, Chests, Dressers, Couches and Chairs)
Bed Bug Treatment: Sprays and Dusts
There are several products that effectively work well to kill bed bugs:
Apply residual liquid, aerosol or dust residual insecticides such as Spectre 2 SC, CrossFire Bed Bug Insecticide Concentrate, Temprid FX, D-Fense NXT, Cimexa Dust , Crossfire Aerosol, Bedlam Plus Aerosol, and Phantom Aerosol.
It is best to use a combination of these products for application purposes.
Spray liquid insecticides or aerosols:
- Spray around and under the bed and along the baseboards near the bed. After removing the drawers from the cabinet, you must spray the inside of the cabinets as well as the bottom and sides of the drawers. Do not treat the inside of the drawers. If necessary, the clothes in the drawers must be removed and washed.
- Spray around cupboards, door frames and doors.
- Spray the moldings at the top and bottom of the room. Spray around the windows.
- Spray the seams of the drawers, up and down. Spray the dressers from below. Spray where the dressers touch the floor.
- Spray where the bed touches the floor, spray chairs and under chairs.
- Spray all skirting boards, loose plaster, behind bed frames and headboards, under beds and furniture, as well as bed bases and bed frames. Do not apply to furniture surfaces or mattresses where people will be lying or sitting, unless they use a product labeled for this type of treatment. Infested litter should not be treated, but should be removed, placed in sealed plastic bags, washed and dried at high temperature.
Recommended Liquid Insecticides-Transport Mikron and Temprid FX
Spectre 2 SC has a weak odor and is not detectable by bed bugs. Adjust the spray pattern to a fog by rotating the nozzle. A fine, fine spray is best for most sprays, but you may need to use a jet to penetrate certain cracks and crevices. If you cannot penetrate crevices and crevices, use one of the following aerosols and tips for cracks and crevices.
1) Mix 3 ounces per gallon or 0.75 oz per quart and spray with a low pressure sprayer in areas where bed bugs hide. Typical areas include bed frames, headboards, beds, baseboards, moldings, paintings, etc. Do not forget to apply in joints and crevices of furniture. If the crack and crevices are too small, use an aerosol with a crack and crevice tip (see recommendations below).
2) You should spray mattress seams, zippers and tufts, too. Wait until it dries before making the bed again.
Remember- 95% of the bed bug infestation will be within five feet of your bed.
CrossFire Bed Bug Concentrate has two different active ingredients for two modes of action (both rapid killing and residual activity). Mix 3 ounces of CrossFire Insecticide with a gallon of water or 0.75 oz per quart (remember to use what you mix within 24 hours.) Adjust the spray pattern on a fog by rotating the nozzle . A fine, fine spray is best for most sprays, but you may need to use a jet to penetrate certain cracks and crevices. If you cannot penetrate crevices and crevices, use one of the following aerosols and tips for cracks and crevices.
1) Apply as a coarse, low-pressure spray to harborage areas including crevices, baseboards, loose plaster, behind bed frames and headboards, beneath beds and furniture, and to bed springs and bed frames. After removal of bed linens, apply Transport Mikron to mattress and box springs.
2) Apply on tufts, edges, seams and folds (do not spray clothes or bed linen). You can apply it to furniture, but not to areas where there is direct access to the seats or arms. Infested bed linen should not be treated but must be removed, placed in sealed plastic bags, washed and dried at high temperature.
3) Apply as a treatment for cracks and crevices on all baseboards, plaster, behind tables and mirrors, moldings, under floor coverings and carpets, cabinets, shelves, curtains, furniture and frames can house bedbugs.
Remember- 95% of the bed bug infestation will be within five feet of your bed.
Mix 8 ml (about 1/3 oz) (measurements on the bottle) or an 8 ml bottle of Temprid FX with one gallon of water. Do not forget to use what you mix within 24 hours. Adjust the spray pattern to a fog by rotating the nozzle. A low fine spray is best for most sprays, but you may need to use a steam to penetrate certain cracks and crevices. If you cannot penetrate cracks and crevices, use one of the aerosols described below and its tips to enter these areas.
For infested mattresses, remove linens and wash before reuse. Apply Temprid to tufts, seams, folds, and edges until moist. Allow to dry before remaking bed. Do not spray bed linens
1) Apply Temprid FX to bedsprings, box springs, and the interior of bed frames or headboards, including all cracks and joints.
2) When bed bugs are found in upholstered furniture, apply only to the infested tufts, seams, folds and edges, but do not apply to flat surfaces where prolonged human contact will occur. If bugs heavily infest furniture (inside cushions and/or batting) apply a labeled insecticide dust or consider fumigation.
3) Apply as a crack and crevice treatment to all baseboards, moldings, beneath floor coverings and carpets, closets, shelves, curtains, furniture and picture frames that may provide harborage to bed bugs.
Remember- 95% of the bed bug infestation will be within five feet of your bed.
Recommended Aerosols-Aerosols are perfect for application where you can not spray liquid mixtures.
Aerosols (D-Fense NXT, Crossfire Aerosol, or Bedlam Plus) Usage: Simply attach the plastic tip to the aerosol can. Apply as a crack and crevice or spot treatment where evidence of bed bugs occurs. This includes bed frames, box springs, inside empty dressers, clothes closets, curtain rods, hollow spaces, carpet edges, high and low wall moldings and wallpaper edges.
Recommended Insecticide Dust: CimeXa Dust
Cimexa Insecticide Dust kills bed bug adults and nymphs, killing bed bug nymphs hatched from dusted eggs. As a lox toxic insecticide dust, CimeXa Dust is composed of 100% Amorphous Silica Gel. It is odorless and does not stain surfaces.
Dust Usage: (Do not dust on top of moist insecticides)
Use a “Hand Bellow Duster” to apply dusts into the cracks and crevices with the Cimexa Dust. Put dust into duster. Remove switch plates and electrical outlet covers and dust into the openings. Another tool used for dusting would be a small paint brush or small makeup brush. Apply a small amount of dust on the tip of the brush, brushing into cracks and crevices. Dust any items hanging on the wall such as pictures with a small paint brush. Use a small paint brush to paint dust in seams and around buttons of mattress. Use dust or aerosol in all joints of the bed frame.
If possible disassemble bed frame and treat from all angles with dust and aerosol. After the mattress and box spring have been treated, enclose both of these with Mattress Safe Bed Bug Encasements. With these covers you can keep your bed and do not have to treat it again.
Important!! Do all of the treatments (as described above) 3 times, 10 days apart. Bed bugs come out to feed every few weeks, so retreament is critical.
DO NOT USE FOGGERS OF ANY KIND!!! FOGGERS SCATTER THE BED BUGS AND MAKE YOUR JOB MORE DIFFICULT!!!
Integrated and Alternative Approaches to Bed Bug Control
You can use bed bug steamers and heaters as an alternative or an addition to using chemicals to get rid of bed bugs and beg bug control, especially where chemical sensitivity is a concern, such as nursery, hospitals and nursing homes. These steamers also get rid of allergins, bacteria, germs, and viruses.
Monitoring and Trapping Bed Bug Infestations
SenSci Volcano Monitors
These bed bug monitors/detectors may be used with the lures or without the lure to capture bed bugs. As an identification tool, you can monitor your bed bug treatment plan or simply to monitor the presence of bed bug. Use the optional lure if a person is not present in the bedroom that is being monitored.
JT Eaton Bed Bug Monitors/Traps
These are adhesive traps that are places around the bed legs, catches the bed bugs before than can crawl up the bed leg into your bed.
Bed Bug Monitor Traps
The Bed Bug Monitor Traps recreate the conditions that bedbugs consider perfect including dark, tight tunneling areas and rough woodsy material. Bed bugs would usually be found: inside the small grooves of corrugated boxes, between mattress creases and aound/under wooden furniture.
How To Prevent Bed Bug Infestations
It is important to inspect used furniture, especially bed frames and mattresses, before bringing it home. Mattresses, in particular, have the greatest risk of harboring bed bugs and their eggs. You should be wary of buying used furniture, especially beds and sofas.
One practice we have incorporated into our travels is to inspect bed bugs in hotel rooms. If possible, take a flashlight and inspect the bed completely as described above. In addition, you may want to inspect or vacuum when you arrive home to avoid the transfer of bed bugs into your home.
ActiveGuard mattress pads, impregnated with Permethrin, will prevent bed bug infestations on beds.
Spray this ready to use spray both on your luggage and mattresses during travel.
How To Prevent Bed Bugs From Entering Your Home
1) After coming home from a trip, some infestations can be prevented by washing any clothing or bedding used on the trip. You should do this immediately.
2) If you buy used furniture, you should inspect all the items before bringing them into your home. Never bring discarded bed frames, mattresses, box springs, or upholstered furniture into your home.
What You Should Know About Bed Bugs